Some of the forgotten Black “foremothers” who helped shape the District of Columbia’s intellectual, social, cultural and political legacies in the 19th and 20th centuries are getting their just due in a book written by Treva B. Lindsey, a D.C. native, scholar and associate professor at Ohio State University.
In “Colored No More: Reinventing Black Womanhood in Washington D.C,” Lindsey writes about some of the “New Negro” women in the late 19th and early 20th centuries who tackled racism and sexism while empowering themselves.
Lindsey argues that racial violence and sexism — struggles that Black women battle today — are also struggles pioneering Black women endured.
In her book, Lindsey draws parallels between the lynching of Black women and the recent deaths of Sandra Bland who died in police custody in Texas; Charleena Lyles who was fatally shot by two Seattle police officers and Aiyana Stanley-Jones, a sleeping 7 year old whom Detroit police fatally shot during a raid.
So as Black women compile strategies to combat racism and sexism, it’s important to look back to what our foremothers did and pull ideas from them, Lindsey said.
“Terrorism means a particular thing in 2017, but it’s important to think about the 400 year history of anti Black racial terrorism here,” she said at a reading July 18 at The Potter’s House cafe and bookstore in Northwest D.C. “It’s important to think about it and to name it for what it is.”
On July 18, Lindsey discussed and read passages from her book at The Potter’s House, a bookstore and café that welcomes deep conversation, creative expression and community transformation, according to its website.
“Black women have always been freedom fighters,” Lindsey told the AFRO. “We’ve always defined equality in radical and creative terms and when we look to the women of Washington, we learn so much more about our history.”
Between 120 and 130 people attended the sold-out talk, Tim Kumfer, the nonprofit café and bookstore’s general manager, told the AFRO. The café represented the first leg of Lindsey’s eight-month book tour, which has stops at Duke University in Dunham, N.C., Emory University in Atlanta and the University of California, Santa Barbara.
Lindsey said she makes no apologies for targeting a Black, female audience. She even dedicated her book to Relisha Rudd, a girl who disappeared from the District three years ago while staying in a homeless shelter — Rudd has never been found and Lindsey held a moment of silence for Rudd and the other missing Black girls across the United States.
Moreover, “Colored No More” is a reference to harmful skin bleaching creams that were especially in vogue among American Blacks back then and remain popular in Africa, Asia and the Middle East.
“At the end of the day, I didn’t write the book for White feminists,” Lindsey said. “I’m very clear about who I wrote the book for … it’s for Black girls. It’s for Black women and it is for us to think about ourselves in very dynamic ways through the lens of history.”
Lindsey said she was curious about the women who came before her in D.C. and was interested in unearthing their untold stories. She wanted to better understand where she came from and what those streets would have looked like 100 years before she was born.
“I was so shocked that there hadn’t been this kind of history done in the nation’s capital. It’s unbelievable to a certain extent that there wasn’t this history and that there wasn’t this documented archive of chronicling the lives of these women who were absolutely phenomenal,” she said.
The project started out as Lindsey’s dissertation in 2007 when she was attending Duke, and morphed into a 204-page book that the University of Illinois Press published in April.
Lindsey began her research at the Moorland-Spingarn Research Center at Howard University, examining women she was familiar with, like civil-rights activist Mary Church Terrell and educator Anna Julia Cooper.
“Everyone from number runners to international political activists, you have such a range of Black women who shaped the city and who are fighting, not just against Jim Crow racism, but also against the sexism that was so pervasive at that point in history,” Lindsey said.
Through her research, for example, Lindsey’s found out that Lucy Diggs Slowe, the first Black woman to serve as Dean of Women in the United States (at Howard University in 1922), fought for equal pay for women and battled other forms of sex discrimination at the school.
Black women are in a unique position because in addition to the racism they face from non-blacks, they also endure discrimination from men of all races, including family members and men they love, Lindsey said.
“Being anti-Black women is being anti Black,” Lindsey said. “You can’t love Black people and hate Black women.”
Lindsey, 33, was raised in Northeast D.C. near Benning Road and East Capital Street. She graduated from the elite Sidwell Friends School in upper Northwest D.C.
From there, Lindsey majored in African-American studies and sociology at Oberlin College. She finished her formal education at Duke University, where she earned a master’s and PhD in history. She currently teaches women’s gender and sexuality studies at Ohio State University and lives in Cleveland.