WASHINGTON– Stepping into the cozy parent center at Orr Elementary School in Southeast Washington, D.C. is like grabbing a cup of coffee with an old friend. On one ordinary morning long after the 8:45 a.m. late bell, three mothers chatted and laughed over a light breakfast. Another mom quietly pored over a database. A dad in the corner of the room helped himself to coffee.
Adults aren’t the only ones in sight. Little ones streamed by just outside the door on their way to recess, stretching their necks for a longer look into the room, searching for familiar faces. The moms reined in adult giggles and wave at the passing students, calling a few out by name.
Ten minutes later, a boisterous first grader in braided ponytails popped into the room and declared, “Mr. Ray says he needs somebody to help with recess.” Two moms hopped out of their chairs. One assured the other, “I’ve got it.”
What was once a small windowless office has now become a reliable resource for parents and caregivers who need information about social services, continuing education, and employment, basic computer access, a few words of advice, or, simply, a welcoming place to spend their free time in a worthwhile way. Parents who linger here operate as a corps of on-hand volunteers called “P-WAP” – Parents With A Purpose.
This type of synergy might not be expected at a school like Orr, where 99 percent of the mostly-Black student body qualifies for free or reduced lunch. But including parents and families as partners in academic success has proven benefits.
As education expert, Karen Mapp explained, “We now know from the research that engaging families and community partners is an essential ingredient to the improvement of schools. When this happens, families are more likely to engage because the link is made clear between their engagement and results for kids and schools, and school staff are more likely to want to cultivate partnerships with families because they see that family engagement is…an essential component of the improvement process.”
Mapp, a consultant for the Department of Education, cited a study of successful elementary schools that found in 40 percent of schools with strong parental involvement substantial improvements in student reading assessments, compared to the 10 percent of schools that improved without the help of families.
Under No Child Left Behind, Title I schools (schools that have a high population of low-income and/or educationally disadvantaged students are required to use at least 1 percent of their funding for parental engagement.
But getting all those adults to operate as a harmonious village often proves challenging, and there are also other barriers.
“Some people really have serious things going on in their lives, and they want to do well by their kids but have basic needs that need to be met,” Allyson Criner Brown, associate director of Teaching for Change, a Washington, D.C. –based non-profit, explained. “They’re dealing with poverty, and inequalities…and other forms of support are not clear or available to them.”
And schools themselves have internal obstacles toward effective family engagement. Often, teachers, staff, and leadership are at odds about the role of caregivers outside the home. At worst, some see parents as a hindrance that must be fixed or excluded. At best, some want to partner with parents, but lack the time, support, knowledge, and human resources to do so.
In 2008 when Orr hired retired union representative Deborah Thomas as its parent coordinator, the school was a different place. By all accounts, there were few opportunities for parents to lend a hand at school, and when meetings and activities did occur the attendance was dismal. In 2010, then-Principal Michelle Edwards invited Teaching for Change to partner with Orr and support Thomas’ efforts.
Today, Orr is in transition, having welcomed a new principal, Niyeka Wilson, to their village. While there is still work to be done, especially in terms of standardized testing, the school is well on its way to being the best version of itself. Retention of highly effective teachers is at 100 percent (compared to the 83 percent DCPS average). Student proficiency in math and reading grow each year; math jumped 20 percent in one school year. The teacher-student Garden Club grows flowers and vegetables on premises, and the school maintains partnerships with more than 10 community organizations. At the start of this year, Orr made national news when First Lady Michelle Obama, Olympic gold medal winners Allyson Felix and Dominique Dawes and ex-NBA great Shaquille O’Neal visited as part of the “Let’s Move” campaign.
Watching it all unfold has been Pamela Wilson, head of security. She came to Orr in 1987 as an educational aide and switched over to security in 1992.
“The teachers are dedicated, hard workers. Parents are younger now, and the kids are not the same as in 1987. But we’re family.”