Political leader Marcus Garvey. (Library of Congress, George Grantham Bain Collection)

The John Hope Franklin Center at Duke University has recently acquired papers of political leader Marcus Garvey and the United Negro Improvement Association Papers Project record.

According to Duke University Libraries, Robert A. Hill, a history professor at UCLA, gathered and edited the documents. The collection includes research materials and documents collected to form the 12-volume “Marcus Garvey and Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) Papers.” The publication started in 1983 and focuses on Garvey’s life and the UNIA movement in Africa, America and in the Caribbean. Professor Hill’s collection includes materials that were not able to fit in the 12-volume series and has papers that fill more than 300 boxes.

The documents are currently being examined and preserved by researchers.

Hill started collecting materials concerning Garvey in 1970 and is considered an expert on the life and legacy of the controversial Black leader. Hill is a native of Kingston, Jamaica, and in addition to collecting materials for Garvey, he collects materials of the African Diaspora throughout the western world.

Garvey was a political leader, publisher, journalist, and entrepreneur and is known for being a proponent of Black Nationalism and Pan-Africanism movements. Garvey died in 1940 at the age of 52 after suffering from multiple strokes, according to The Jamaican government acknowledged him as being the country’s first national hero.